ISYS
Glossary

Contents


Operator - a word or symbol, such as + or AND, used in a query which indicates an operation to be performed on one or more words or phrases.

Wildcards - are special symbols that can be used to search for any number of significant characters. Similar to DOS wildcards.

Synonyms - words or phrases which have similar meaning.

Synonym expansion setting - a setting set by your ISYS:web Administrator which tells ISYS:web whether or not to automatically search for the defined synonyms for a word or phrase.

Synonym rings - ISYS:web stores synonyms as a series of words or phrases in a ring. If a word is entered in a query that also appears in a ring, then all occurrences of the other words and phrases in the ring are also found. Synonym rings are created and maintained by your ISYS:web Administrator.

Document list - displays the documents which match your query. The document list appears on the ISYS:web Query Results page following a successful search.

Relevance - The document relevance bar is an expression of the calculated relevance of this document compared to the other documents in the same result set. Ranges are from zero to 100, where 100 is the most relevant. The calculation is based on hit clustering, cluster proximity, document density, word weight and other factors.

Paragraph - by default, a paragraph is considered to end at the next hard return for word processing files and up to the next blank line (i.e. two carriage returns in a row) for ASCII files.

Significant characters - characters which are considered an important part of a word and are indexed. For example, if the hyphen is defined as significant, then "nucleic-acid" is indexed as "nucleic-acid", not as "nucleic acid".

Insignificant characters - characters which are not considered an important part of a word and are not indexed. For example, if the hyphen is defined as insignificant, then "nucleic-acid" is indexed as "nucleicacid".

Punctuation characters - characters which are defined as being neither significant or insignificant are considered as word separators. For example, if the hyphen is a punctuation character, then "nucleic-acid" is indexed as two words, "nucleic" and "acid".

Word tense conflation - enables ISYS:web to find different tenses of a word, e.g. "build", "built" and "building".

Command-Based query - a query in which you enter words or phrases that you wish to locate combined with search operators.

Hits - words or phrases which match your query.

Hits in context - a word or phrase which matches your query displayed with its surrounding text.

Filters - includes or excludes documents from the document list by the file's path, name and/or date.

Query Results - the documents and words which are found by your query. Results are displayed on the ISYS:web Query Results page.

File Path - the DOS drive and directory structure in which the document is located.

File Name - the eight character DOS name and three character extension of the document.

Annotations - information or links you can add to a document. Annotations may be text notes, embedded queries, or links to other documents, images, or programs. They are viewed by clicking on the associated icons in the document on the ISYS:web Browse page.

Text note - an annotation comprised of text up to 32KB in length. The icon for a text annotation is a paper clip. Click on the icon in a document in the ISYS:web Browse page to display the text.

Graphic Image - an annotation comprised of a picture or image. The icon for a graphic annotation is a camera. Click on the icon in a document in the ISYS:web Browse page and the image appears.

Embedded Queries - an annotation comprised of an ISYS:web query. The icon for a text annotation is a “Q” symbol. Click on the icon in a document in the ISYS:web Browse page and the ISYS:web query runs.

Hypertext links - an annotation comprised of link to another document. The icon for a text annotation is a chain. Click on the icon in a document in the ISYS:web Browse page and the linked document will appear.

Query - the process of telling ISYS:web what you want to find by entering words or phrases along with optional search operators.

Document - documents are the files which have been indexed in the ISYS:web index. The files may be on your local hard drive, a CD-ROM or on your LAN or WAN. Documents may be almost any type of file (e.g. spreadsheet or database) but are usually word processing files or plain ASCII text.

Hypertext query - a query in which common words and operators are replaced by proximity operators. Word tense conflation is also used.

Exact query - the query is processed just as if it were entered in the Command-Based query page.

Common Word - a word that is not indexed in your index. Common words appear frequently in your documents and are not useful in your queries. They are primarily excluded to save disk space.

Label - the word or phrase with which a paragraph begins.

Document Titles - may appear instead of the DOS file name. A specified line in the file is defined as the title by your ISYS:web Administrator.

Index - ISYS:web stores the words and characters in your documents in an Index.

Reverse chronological order - from newest to oldest.

Chronological order - from oldest to newest.

Document format - the type of document, e.g. ASCII, Word for Windows, WordPerfect, etc.

Fuzzy precompensation - ISYS:web uses sophisticated heuristical, algorithmic and statistical means to determine which words are likely errors of other words. When this option has been chosen for an index, queries will automatically retrieve words that it considers may be OCR scanning or typographical errors.

Intelligent Date Handling - ISYS:web can recognize dates in queries when they are expressed in a variety of formats. Examples of valid dates are:

4 15 94 or 4-15-94 or 4/15/94
April 15th, 1994 or 15-apr-94
15 4 94 or 15-4-94 or 15/4/94
940415
15th day of April, 1994


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